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Body Composition

Whether you wish to engage John as a personal trainer, or use your own/another programme to achieve your health and fitness goals, it is vital to have a good knowledge of your current situation.
Whenever we set goals for ourselves, we always need to make sure they are measurable and, without an accurate assessment of things as they stand, this becomes impossible. Furthermore, any assessment methods used need to be validated measuring protocols which produce accurate results.

They can then be compared against normative data tables (e.g. a BMI chart) produced by employing the same protocols. This also means that each test is reproducible and, therefore, generates reliable results every time, which is important for measuring your progress through re-assessment.

Most of us weigh ourselves regularly, as we are interested in our health and fitness and know that weight has an important influence. However, the scales tell only part of the story, and much more useful information can be obtained by periodically checking both percentage body fat and weight, as this allows us to monitor changes to muscle and assess progress as we lose body fat and make adjustments to our lifestyle.

For an explanation of why Body Fat Measurement combined with weight is so significant, please read The Importance of Body Fat Measurements.

Waist-to-Hip Ratio
The waist-to-hip ratio is one of the most used clinical applications of girth measurements. This assessment is important because there is a correlation between chronic diseases and fat stored in the midsection of the body.

Blood Pressure
Blood pressure can be explained as the force exerted by blood against the blood vessel walls, and is a very useful too used by health professionals to indicate the general state of the circulatory system. It should always, therefore, be an integral measure in assessment prior to engaging in a programme of exercise.

John can give you useful information regarding a benchmark range for blood pressure, so you can assess your blood pressure reading result, and use this to create another measurable goal (to maintain or reduce the reading, for example).

However, as a fitness professional, John won’t offer medical opinions regarding blood pressure. Observations can only be made and advice given for you to contact their GP if readings fall outside of the normal or safe range according to exercise guidelines.

One way to measure body fat and assess obesity in adults is by use of the body mass index (BMI). Although not designed to assess body fat, the body mass index (BMI) is a quick and easy method for determining if a person’s weight is appropriate for his or her height. BMI is used extensively within the medical community as a means of determining the risk of health complications associated with excess body fat especially with scores above 40 (morbid obesity).

Individuals who fall into the BMI range of 25 to 34.9, and have a waist size of over 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women, are considered to be at especially high risk for health problems with a greater risk of developing type 2 Diabetes, Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease. This is another reason why we also take waist circumference into consideration.

An athlete who has a large percentage of lean body mass will tend to give a high reading (obese) due to the fact that BMI does not take body composition ratios into consideration. Since muscle weighs more than fat the absolute reading of body weight in this index is not used as the sole means of measuring healthy weight.

Tanita Body Composition and Segmental Analysis
Much more than a weighing scale, Tanita devices use advanced Bio-electrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). The base and hand-held electrodes send a very low, safe electrical signal through your feet, legs and abdomen, hands, arms and chest.

This electrical signal measures the resistance and reactance of different tissues within the body and inputs the data to scientifically validated equations that calculate body composition measurements, with separate segmental analysis (both arms, both legs, trunk), including:
  • Body Fat Mass
  • Muscle Mass
  • Visceral Fat Rating
  • Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) Score
  • Metabolic Age
  • Total Body Water Percentage
For more information on the Tanita Body Composition and Segmental Analysis, please see the Tanita Info page.

Accu Check Blood Analysis
John uses the Accutrend Plus blood analysis tool which offers quick and convenient testing of cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar levels and lactate using capillary blood. These tests give us a reliable set of parameters to measure the effectiveness of the exercise programme and lifestyle changes.

Postural Analysis
Every movement needs a base from which to generate force, and this base is what we call posture. Under the control of the central nervous system, posture is the alignment and function of all components of the kinetic chain at any given movement.
Functional efficiency is defined as the ability of the neuromuscular system to monitor and manipulate movement during functional tasks using the least amount of energy and creating the least amount of stress of the kinetic chain.
Any deviation from proper postural alignment can cause a change in the body’s centre of gravity, which affects this functional efficiency. Also, without proper postural alignment, we place imbalances on muscles and stresses on joints, and increase wear and tear to above normal levels, setting the body up for accelerated degeneration.

If you would like some information regarding any aspect of Body Analysis and how it can enhance your journey towards your health and fitness goals, please Contact Us

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